alarm – Alarms and sleep

Provides alarms that trigger based on time intervals or on external events, such as pin changes. The program can simply wait for these alarms, or go to sleep and be awoken when they trigger.

There are two supported levels of sleep: light sleep and deep sleep.

Light sleep keeps sufficient state so the program can resume after sleeping. It does not shut down WiFi, BLE, or other communications, or ongoing activities such as audio playback. It reduces power consumption to the extent possible that leaves these continuing activities running. In some cases there may be no decrease in power consumption.

Deep sleep shuts down power to nearly all of the microcontroller including the CPU and RAM. This can save a more significant amount of power, but CircuitPython must restart code.py from the beginning when awakened.

For both light sleep and deep sleep, if CircuitPython is connected to a host computer, maintaining the connection takes priority and power consumption may not be reduced.

For more information about working with alarms and light/deep sleep in CircuitPython, see this Learn guide.

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alarm.sleep_memory :SleepMemory

Memory that persists during deep sleep. This object is the sole instance of alarm.SleepMemory.

alarm.wake_alarm :Optional[circuitpython_typing.Alarm]

The most recently triggered alarm. If CircuitPython was sleeping, the alarm that woke it from sleep. If no alarm occured since the last hard reset or soft restart, value is None.

alarm.light_sleep_until_alarms(*alarms: circuitpython_typing.Alarm) circuitpython_typing.Alarm

Go into a light sleep until awakened one of the alarms. The alarm causing the wake-up is returned, and is also available as alarm.wake_alarm.

If no alarms are specified, return immediately.

If CircuitPython is connected to a host computer, the connection will be maintained, and the microcontroller may not actually go into a light sleep. This allows the user to interrupt an existing program with ctrl-C, and to edit the files in CIRCUITPY, which would not be possible in true light sleep. Thus, to use light sleep and save significant power, it may be necessary to disconnect from the host.

alarm.exit_and_deep_sleep_until_alarms(*alarms: circuitpython_typing.Alarm, preserve_dios: Sequence[digitalio.DigitalInOut] = ()) None

Exit the program and go into a deep sleep, until awakened by one of the alarms. This function does not return.

When awakened, the microcontroller will restart and will run boot.py and code.py from the beginning.

After restart, an alarm equivalent to the one that caused the wake-up will be available as alarm.wake_alarm. Its type and/or attributes may not correspond exactly to the original alarm. For time-base alarms, currently, an alarm.time.TimeAlarm() is created.

If no alarms are specified, the microcontroller will deep sleep until reset.

Parameters
  • alarms (circuitpython_typing.Alarm) – the alarms that can wake the microcontroller.

  • preserve_dios (Sequence[digitalio.DigitalInOut]) – A sequence of DigitalInOut objects whose state should be preserved during deep sleep. If a DigitalInOut in the sequence is set to be an output, its current DigitalInOut.value (True or False) will be preserved during the deep sleep. If a DigitalInOut in the sequence is set to be an input, its current DigitalInOut.pull value (DOWN, UP, or None) will be preserved during deep sleep.

Preserving DigitalInOut states during deep sleep can be used to ensure that external or on-board devices are powered or unpowered during sleep, among other purposes.

On some microcontrollers, some pins cannot remain in their original state for hardware reasons.

Limitations: preserve_dios is currently only available on Espressif.

Note

On Espressif chips, preserving pin settings during deep sleep may consume extra current. On ESP32, this was measured to be 250 uA or more. Consider not preserving pins unless you need to. Measure power consumption carefully both with no pins preserved and with the pins you might want to preserve to achieve the lowest consumption.

If CircuitPython is connected to a host computer via USB or BLE the first time a deep sleep is requested, the connection will be maintained and the system will not go into deep sleep. This allows the user to interrupt an existing program with ctrl-C, and to edit the files in CIRCUITPY, which would not be possible in true deep sleep.

If CircuitPython goes into a true deep sleep, and USB or BLE is reconnected, the next deep sleep will still be a true deep sleep. You must do a hard reset or power-cycle to exit a true deep sleep loop.

Here is a skeletal example:

import alarm
import time
import board

print("Waking up")

# Create an alarm for 60 seconds from now, and also a pin alarm.
time_alarm = alarm.time.TimeAlarm(monotonic_time=time.monotonic() + 60)
pin_alarm = alarm.pin.PinAlarm(board.D7, False)

# Deep sleep until one of the alarm goes off. Then restart the program.
alarm.exit_and_deep_sleep_until_alarms(time_alarm, pin_alarm)
class alarm.SleepMemory

Store raw bytes in RAM that persists during deep sleep. The class acts as a bytearray. If power is lost, the memory contents are lost.

Note that this class can’t be imported and used directly. The sole instance of SleepMemory is available at alarm.sleep_memory.

Limitations: Not supported on RP2040.

Usage:

import alarm
alarm.sleep_memory[0] = True
alarm.sleep_memory[1] = 12

Not used. Access the sole instance through alarm.sleep_memory.

__bool__() bool

sleep_memory is True if its length is greater than zero. This is an easy way to check for its existence.

__len__() int

Return the length. This is used by (len)

__getitem__(index: slice) bytearray
__getitem__(index: int) int

Returns the value at the given index.

__setitem__(index: slice, value: circuitpython_typing.ReadableBuffer) None
__setitem__(index: int, value: int) None

Set the value at the given index.