fourwire – Connects to a BusDisplay over a four wire bus

Available on these boards
  • 01Space 0.42 OLED ESP32C3
  • 0xCB Helios
  • 42. Keebs Frood
  • AITHinker ESP32-C3S_Kit
  • AITHinker ESP32-C3S_Kit_2M
  • ARAMCON Badge 2019
  • ARAMCON2 Badge
  • ATMegaZero ESP32-S2
  • Adafruit CLUE nRF52840 Express
  • Adafruit Camera
  • Adafruit Circuit Playground Bluefruit
  • Adafruit CircuitPlayground Express with displayio
  • Adafruit EdgeBadge
  • Adafruit Feather Bluefruit Sense
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32 V2
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32-C6 4MB Flash No PSRAM
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32-S2 Reverse TFT
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32-S2 TFT
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32-S3 Reverse TFT
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32-S3 TFT
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32S2
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32S3 4MB Flash 2MB PSRAM
  • Adafruit Feather ESP32S3 No PSRAM
  • Adafruit Feather HUZZAH32
  • Adafruit Feather M0 Express
  • Adafruit Feather M4 CAN
  • Adafruit Feather M4 Express
  • Adafruit Feather MIMXRT1011
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 Adalogger
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 CAN
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 DVI
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 Prop-Maker
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 RFM
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 Scorpio
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 ThinkInk
  • Adafruit Feather RP2040 USB Host
  • Adafruit Feather STM32F405 Express
  • Adafruit Feather nRF52840 Express
  • Adafruit Floppsy RP2040
  • Adafruit FunHouse
  • Adafruit Grand Central M4 Express
  • Adafruit HUZZAH32 Breakout
  • Adafruit Hallowing M4 Express
  • Adafruit ItsyBitsy ESP32
  • Adafruit ItsyBitsy M0 Express
  • Adafruit ItsyBitsy M4 Express
  • Adafruit ItsyBitsy RP2040
  • Adafruit ItsyBitsy nRF52840 Express
  • Adafruit KB2040
  • Adafruit LED Glasses Driver nRF52840
  • Adafruit Macropad RP2040
  • Adafruit MagTag
  • Adafruit Matrix Portal M4
  • Adafruit MatrixPortal S3
  • Adafruit Metro ESP32S2
  • Adafruit Metro ESP32S3
  • Adafruit Metro M0 Express
  • Adafruit Metro M4 Airlift Lite
  • Adafruit Metro M4 Express
  • Adafruit Metro RP2040
  • Adafruit Metro nRF52840 Express
  • Adafruit Monster M4SK
  • Adafruit PyGamer
  • Adafruit PyPortal
  • Adafruit PyPortal Pynt
  • Adafruit PyPortal Titano
  • Adafruit Pybadge
  • Adafruit QT Py ESP32 PICO
  • Adafruit QT Py ESP32-S3 4MB Flash 2MB PSRAM
  • Adafruit QT Py ESP32-S3 no psram
  • Adafruit QT Py ESP32C3
  • Adafruit QT Py ESP32S2
  • Adafruit QT Py M0 Haxpress
  • Adafruit QT Py RP2040
  • Adafruit QT2040 Trinkey
  • Adafruit Trellis M4 Express
  • Adafruit-Qualia-S3-RGB666
  • Ai Thinker ESP32-CAM
  • AloriumTech Evo M51
  • Arduino Nano 33 BLE
  • Arduino Nano 33 BLE Rev2
  • Arduino Nano ESP32
  • Arduino Nano RP2040 Connect
  • Artisense Reference Design RD00
  • AtelierDuMaker nRF52840 Breakout
  • AutosportLabs-ESP32-CAN-X2
  • BBQ20KBD
  • BDMICRO VINA-D21
  • BDMICRO VINA-D51
  • BLE-SS dev board Multi Sensor
  • BLING!
  • BLOK
  • BPI-Bit-S2
  • BPI-Leaf-S3
  • BPI-PicoW-S3
  • BastBLE
  • BastWiFi
  • Bee-Data-Logger
  • Bee-Motion-S3
  • Bee-S3
  • BlizzardS3
  • BlueMicro840
  • Bradán Lane STUDIO Explorer Badge
  • COSMO-Pico
  • CP Sapling M0 w/ SPI Flash
  • CP32-M4
  • CRCibernetica IdeaBoard
  • Cedar Grove StringCar M0 Express
  • Challenger NB RP2040 WiFi
  • Challenger RP2040 LTE
  • Challenger RP2040 LoRa
  • Challenger RP2040 SD/RTC
  • Challenger RP2040 SubGHz
  • Challenger RP2040 WiFi
  • Challenger RP2040 WiFi/BLE
  • CircuitBrains Basic
  • CircuitBrains Deluxe
  • ColumbiaDSL-Sensor-Board-V1
  • CrumpS2
  • Cytron EDU PICO W
  • Cytron Maker Feather AIoT S3
  • Cytron Maker Nano RP2040
  • Cytron Maker Pi RP2040
  • Cytron Maker Uno RP2040
  • DFRobot Beetle ESP32-C3
  • DFRobot FireBeetle 2 ESP32-S3
  • Datanoise PicoADK
  • Deneyap Kart
  • Deneyap Kart 1A
  • Deneyap Kart 1A v2
  • Deneyap Kart G
  • Deneyap Mini
  • Deneyap Mini v2
  • Diodes Delight Piunora
  • DynOSSAT-EDU-EPS
  • DynOSSAT-EDU-OBC
  • E-Fidget
  • ELECFREAKS PICO:ED
  • ES3ink
  • ESP 12k NodeMCU
  • ESP32 Devkit V1
  • ESP32-C3-DevKitM-1
  • ESP32-C6-DevKitC-1-N8
  • ESP32-C6-DevKitM-1
  • ESP32-H2-DevKitM-1
  • ESP32-S2-DevKitC-1-N4
  • ESP32-S2-DevKitC-1-N4R2
  • ESP32-S2-DevKitC-1-N8R2
  • ESP32-S3-Box-2.5
  • ESP32-S3-Box-Lite
  • ESP32-S3-DevKitC-1-N32R8
  • ESP32-S3-DevKitC-1-N8
  • ESP32-S3-DevKitC-1-N8R2
  • ESP32-S3-DevKitC-1-N8R8
  • ESP32-S3-DevKitC-1-N8R8-with-HACKTABLET
  • ESP32-S3-DevKitM-1-N8
  • ESP32-S3-EYE
  • ESP32-S3-USB-OTG-N8
  • ESP8684-DevKitC-02-N4
  • Electrolama minik
  • Electronic Cats Hunter Cat NFC
  • Electronut Labs Blip
  • Electronut Labs Papyr
  • EncoderPad RP2040
  • Espressif ESP32 DevKitc V4 WROOM-32E
  • Espressif ESP32 DevKitc V4 WROVER
  • Espressif ESP32-EYE
  • Espressif ESP32-LyraT
  • Espressif-ESP32-S3-LCD-EV-Board
  • Espruino Bangle.js 2
  • Espruino Pico
  • Espruino Wifi
  • Feather MIMXRT1011
  • Feather MIMXRT1062
  • FeatherS2
  • FeatherS2 Neo
  • FeatherS2 PreRelease
  • FeatherS3
  • FeatherS3 Neo
  • Fig Pi
  • Flipper Zero Wi-Fi Dev
  • Franzininho WIFI w/Wroom
  • Franzininho WIFI w/Wrover
  • Freenove ESP32-WROVER-DEV-CAM
  • Gravitech Cucumber M
  • Gravitech Cucumber MS
  • Gravitech Cucumber R
  • Gravitech Cucumber RS
  • HEIA-FR Picomo V2
  • HMI-DevKit-1.1
  • Hack Club Sprig
  • Hacked Feather M0 Express with 8Mbyte SPI flash
  • HalloWing M0 Express
  • Hardkernel Odroid Go
  • Heltec ESP32-S3-WIFI-LoRa-V3
  • HexKyS2
  • HiiBot BlueFi
  • IMXRT1010-EVK
  • IMXRT1015-EVK
  • IkigaiSense Vita nRF52840
  • IoTs2
  • Kaluga 1
  • LILYGO T-DECK
  • LILYGO T-DISPLAY
  • LILYGO T-DISPLAY S3 v1.2
  • LILYGO TEMBED ESP32S3
  • LILYGO TTGO T-01C3
  • LILYGO TTGO T-DISPLAY v1.1
  • LILYGO TTGO T-DISPLAY v1.1 4M
  • LILYGO TTGO T-OI PLUS
  • LILYGO TTGO T8 ESP32-S2
  • LILYGO TTGO T8 ESP32-S2 w/Display
  • LOLIN S3 16MB Flash 8MB PSRAM
  • LOLIN S3 MINI 4MB Flash 2MB PSRAM
  • LOLIN S3 PRO 16MB Flash 8MB PSRAM
  • Lilygo T-watch 2020 V3
  • Luatos Core-ESP32C3
  • M5STACK STAMP-C3
  • M5Stack Atom Echo
  • M5Stack Atom Lite
  • M5Stack Atom Matrix
  • M5Stack Atom U
  • M5Stack AtomS3
  • M5Stack AtomS3 Lite
  • M5Stack AtomS3U
  • M5Stack Cardputer
  • M5Stack Core Basic
  • M5Stack Core Fire
  • M5Stack Core2
  • M5Stack CoreS3
  • M5Stack Dial
  • M5Stack M5Paper
  • M5Stack Stick C
  • M5Stack Stick C Plus
  • M5Stack Timer Camera X
  • MDBT50Q-DB-40
  • MDBT50Q-RX Dongle
  • MEOWBIT
  • MORPHEANS MorphESP-240
  • MagiClick S3 N4R2
  • Maker Go ESP32C3 Supermini
  • Maker badge by Czech maker
  • MakerDiary nRF52840 MDK
  • MakerDiary nRF52840 MDK USB Dongle
  • MakerFabs-ESP32-S3-Parallel-TFT-With-Touch-7inch
  • Makerdiary M60 Keyboard
  • Makerdiary Pitaya Go
  • Makerdiary nRF52840 Connect Kit
  • Makerdiary nRF52840 M.2 Developer Kit
  • Maple Computing Elite-Pi
  • Melopero Shake RP2040
  • Metro MIMXRT1011
  • MicroDev microC3
  • MicroDev microS2
  • Mini SAM M4
  • MixGo CE
  • NUCLEO STM32F746
  • NUCLEO STM32F767
  • NUCLEO STM32H743
  • NanoS3
  • Neuron
  • NodeMcu-ESP32-C2
  • OPENMV-H7 R1
  • Oak Dev Tech BREAD2040
  • Oak Dev Tech Cast-Away RP2040
  • Oak Dev Tech PixelWing ESP32S2
  • Oak Dev Tech RPGA Feather
  • Open Hardware Summit 2020 Badge
  • Oxocard Artwork
  • Oxocard Connect
  • Oxocard Galaxy
  • Oxocard Science
  • P1AM-200
  • PCA10056 nRF52840-DK
  • PCA10059 nRF52840 Dongle
  • PYB LR Nano V2
  • Pajenicko PicoPad
  • Particle Argon
  • Particle Boron
  • Particle Xenon
  • PewPew LCD
  • PewPew M4
  • PillBug
  • Pimoroni Badger 2040
  • Pimoroni Badger 2040 W
  • Pimoroni Inky Frame 5.7
  • Pimoroni Inky Frame 7.3
  • Pimoroni Interstate 75
  • Pimoroni Keybow 2040
  • Pimoroni Motor 2040
  • Pimoroni PGA2040
  • Pimoroni Pico DV Base W
  • Pimoroni Pico LiPo (16MB)
  • Pimoroni Pico LiPo (4MB)
  • Pimoroni Pico dv Base
  • Pimoroni PicoSystem
  • Pimoroni Plasma 2040
  • Pimoroni Plasma 2040W
  • Pimoroni Servo 2040
  • Pimoroni Tiny 2040 (2MB)
  • Pimoroni Tiny 2040 (8MB)
  • ProS3
  • PyKey 18 Numpad
  • PyKey 44 Ergo
  • PyKey 60
  • PyKey 87 TKL
  • PyboardV1_1
  • RF.Guru RP2040
  • RP2.65-F
  • RP2040 Stamp
  • Raspberry Breadstick
  • Raspberry Pi 4B
  • Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4
  • Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO Board
  • Raspberry Pi Pico
  • Raspberry Pi Pico W
  • Raspberry Pi Zero
  • Raspberry Pi Zero 2W
  • Raspberry Pi Zero W
  • S2Mini
  • S2Pico
  • SAM E54 Xplained Pro
  • SAM32v26
  • SQFMI Watchy
  • SSCI ISP1807 Dev Board
  • SSCI ISP1807 Micro Board
  • ST STM32F746G Discovery
  • STM32F411E_DISCO
  • STM32F412G_DISCO
  • STM32F4_DISCO
  • Saola 1 w/Wroom
  • Saola 1 w/Wrover
  • Seeed Studio XIAO ESP32C3
  • Seeed XIAO nRF52840 Sense
  • Seeed Xiao ESP32-C6 4MB Flash 512KB SRAM
  • Seeeduino Wio Terminal
  • Seeeduino XIAO RP2040
  • Serpente
  • SiLabs xG24 Dev Kit
  • SiLabs xG24 Explorer Kit
  • Silicognition LLC M4-Shim
  • Silicognition LLC RP2040-Shim
  • SparkFun LUMIDrive
  • SparkFun MicroMod RP2040 Processor
  • SparkFun MicroMod SAMD51 Processor
  • SparkFun MicroMod nRF52840 Processor
  • SparkFun Pro Micro RP2040
  • SparkFun Pro nRF52840 Mini
  • SparkFun RedBoard Turbo
  • SparkFun STM32 MicroMod Processor
  • SparkFun Teensy MicroMod Processor
  • SparkFun Thing Plus - RP2040
  • SparkFun Thing Plus - SAMD51
  • SparkFun Thing Plus - STM32
  • Sparkfun Thing Plus MGM240P
  • Spotpear ESP32C3 LCD 1.44
  • StackRduino M0 PRO
  • Sunton ESP32-2424S012
  • Sunton-ESP32-8048S070
  • SuperMini NRF52840
  • Swan R5
  • TG-Boards' Datalore IP M4
  • TG-Watch
  • THUNDERPACK_v11
  • THUNDERPACK_v12
  • TTGO T8 ESP32-S2-WROOM
  • Targett Module Clip w/Wroom
  • Targett Module Clip w/Wrover
  • Teensy 4.0
  • Teensy 4.1
  • Teknikio Bluebird
  • The Open Book Feather
  • ThingPulse Pendrive S3
  • TinkeringTech ScoutMakes Azul
  • TinyC6
  • TinyPICO
  • TinyPICO Nano
  • TinyS2
  • TinyS3
  • TinyWATCH S3
  • Trinket M0 Haxpress
  • UARTLogger II
  • VCC-GND Studio YD RP2040
  • VCC-GND YD-ESP32-S3 (N16R8)
  • VCC-GND YD-ESP32-S3 (N8R8)
  • W5100S-EVB-Pico
  • W5500-EVB-Pico
  • WSC-1450
  • WarmBit BluePixel nRF52840
  • Waveshare ESP32-S2-Pico
  • Waveshare ESP32-S2-Pico-LCD
  • Waveshare ESP32-S3-GEEK
  • Waveshare ESP32-S3-Pico
  • Waveshare ESP32-S3-Tiny
  • Waveshare ESP32-S3-Zero
  • Waveshare ESP32S3 LCD 1.28
  • Waveshare RP2040-GEEK
  • Waveshare RP2040-LCD-0.96
  • Waveshare RP2040-LCD-1.28
  • Waveshare RP2040-Plus (16MB)
  • Waveshare RP2040-Plus (4MB)
  • Waveshare RP2040-TOUCH-LCD-1.28
  • Waveshare RP2040-Tiny
  • Waveshare RP2040-Zero
  • WeAct ESP32-C6 (4MB)
  • WeAct ESP32-C6 (8MB)
  • WeAct Studio Pico
  • WeAct Studio Pico 16MB
  • WeMos LOLIN32 Lite
  • Wemos Lolin C3 Mini
  • Wemos Lolin C3 Pico
  • WisdPi Ardu2040M
  • WisdPi Tiny RP2040
  • iLabs Challenger 840
  • iMX RT 1020 EVK
  • iMX RT 1040 EVK
  • iMX RT 1050 EVKB
  • iMX RT 1060 EVK
  • iMX RT 1060 EVKB
  • keithp.com snekboard
  • nanoESP32-S2 w/Wrover
  • nanoESP32-S2 w/Wroom
  • nice!nano
  • nullbits Bit-C PRO
  • senseBox MCU-S2 ESP32S2
  • splitkb.com Liatris
  • stm32f411ce-blackpill
  • stm32f411ce-blackpill-with-flash
  • sunton_esp32_2432S028
  • sunton_esp32_2432S032C
  • takayoshiotake Octave RP2040
  • uGame10
  • uGame22

class fourwire.FourWire(spi_bus: busio.SPI, *, command: microcontroller.Pin | None, chip_select: microcontroller.Pin | None, reset: microcontroller.Pin | None = None, baudrate: int = 24000000, polarity: int = 0, phase: int = 0)

Manage updating a display over SPI four wire protocol in the background while Python code runs. It doesn’t handle display initialization.

Create a FourWire object associated with the given pins.

The SPI bus and pins are then in use by the display until displayio.release_displays() is called even after a reload. (It does this so CircuitPython can use the display after your code is done.) So, the first time you initialize a display bus in code.py you should call displayio.release_displays() first, otherwise it will error after the first code.py run.

If the command pin is not specified, a 9-bit SPI mode will be simulated by adding a data/command bit to every bit being transmitted, and splitting the resulting data back into 8-bit bytes for transmission. The extra bits that this creates at the end are ignored by the receiving device.

Parameters:
  • spi_bus (busio.SPI) – The SPI bus that make up the clock and data lines

  • command (microcontroller.Pin) – Data or command pin. When None, 9-bit SPI is simulated.

  • chip_select (microcontroller.Pin) – Chip select pin

  • reset (microcontroller.Pin) – Reset pin. When None only software reset can be used

  • baudrate (int) – Maximum baudrate in Hz for the display on the bus

  • polarity (int) – the base state of the clock line (0 or 1)

  • phase (int) – the edge of the clock that data is captured. First (0) or second (1). Rising or falling depends on clock polarity.

reset() None

Performs a hardware reset via the reset pin. Raises an exception if called when no reset pin is available.

send(command: int, data: circuitpython_typing.ReadableBuffer, *, toggle_every_byte: bool = False) None

Sends the given command value followed by the full set of data. Display state, such as vertical scroll, set via send may or may not be reset once the code is done.